Q - Science (General) acquired during September 2017

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Artificial intelligence with uncertainty
Li, Deyi, 1944- author
Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press, [2017]
Artificial Intelligence Challenged by Uncertainty -- Cloud Model : a Cognitive Model for Qualitative and Quantitative Transformation -- Gaussian Cloud Tranformation -- Data Field and Topological Potential -- Reasoning and Control of Qualitative Knowledge -- Cognitive Physics for Swarm Intelligence -- Great Development of Artificial Intelligence with Uncertainty Due to Cloud Computing.
Baker Berry Cook Q335 .L5 2017

Idea makers : personal perspectives on the lives & ideas of some notable people
Wolfram, Stephen, author
[Champaign, Illinois] : Wolfram Media, Inc., [2016]
Richard Feynman -- Kurt Gödel -- Alan Turing -- John von Neumann -- George Boole -- Ada Lovelace -- Gottfried Leibniz -- Benoit Mandelbrot -- Steve Jobs -- Marvin Minsky -- Russell Towle -- Bertrand Russell and Alfred Whitehead -- Richard Crandall -- Srinivasa Ramanujan -- Solomon Golomb.

This book of thoroughly engaging essays from one of today's most prodigious innovators provides a uniquely personal perspective on the lives and achievements of a selection of intriguing figures from the history of science and technology. Weaving together his immersive interest in people and history with insights gathered from his own experiences, Stephen Wolfram gives an ennobling look at some of the individuals whose ideas and creations have helped shape our world today. From his recollections about working with Richard Feynman to his insights about how Alan Turing's work has unleashed generations of innovation to the true role of Ada Lovelace in the history of computing, Wolfram takes the reader into the minds and lives of great thinkers and creators of the past few centuries and shows how great achievements can arise from dramatically different personalities and life trajectories.
Kresge Popular Science Q141 .W678562 2016

The Oxford handbook on the science of science communication
edited by Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Dan Kahan, Dietram Scheufele
New York, NY, United States of America : Oxford University Press, [2017]
"The proposal to vaccinate adolescent girls against the human papilloma virus ignited political controversy, as did the advent of fracking and a host of other emerging technologies. These disputes attest to the persistent gap between expert and public perceptions. Complicating the communication of sound science and the debates that surround the societal applications of that science is a changing media environment in which misinformation can elicit belief without corrective context and likeminded individuals are prone to seek ideologically comforting information within their own self-constructed media enclaves. Drawing on the expertise of leading science communication scholars from six countries, The Oxford Handbook of the Science of Science Communication not only charts the media landscape - from news and entertainment to blogs and films - but also examines the powers and perils of human biases - from the disposition to seek confirming evidence to the inclination to overweight endpoints in a trend line. In the process, it draws together the best available social science on ways to communicate science while also minimizing the pernicious effects of human bias. The Handbook adds case studies exploring instances in which communication undercut or facilitated the access to scientific evidence. The range of topics addressed is wide, from genetically engineered organisms and nanotechnology to vaccination controversies and climate change. Also unique to this book is a focus on the complexities of involving the public in decision making about the uses of science, the regulations that should govern its application, and the ethical boundaries within which science should operate. The Handbook is an invaluable resource for researchers in the communication fields, particularly in science and health communication, as well as to scholars involved in research on scientific topics susceptible to distortion in partisan debate" -- Provided by publisher's website.
Baker Berry Q223 .O94 2017

Nuovi annali delle scienze naturali ..
Bolgna : Pei tipi di Jacopo Marsignli, 1838-
Consists of papers read the previous year or so before the Accademia delle scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna, proceedings, and other papers.
Library Depository 060B6 T1a

Observation and experiment : an introduction to causal inference
Rosenbaum, Paul R., author
Cambridge, Massachusetts : Harvard University Press, [2017]
Part I. Randomized experiments: A randomized trial -- Structure -- Causal inference in randomized experiments -- Irrationality and polio -- Part II. Observational studies: Between observational studies and experiments -- Natural experiments -- Elaborate theories -- Quasi-experimental devices -- Sensitivity to bias -- Design sensitivity -- Matching techniques -- Biases from general dispositions -- Instruments -- Conclusion.

We hear that a glass of red wine prolongs life, that alcohol is a carcinogen, that pregnant women should drink not a drop of alcohol. Major medical journals first claimed that hormone replacement therapy reduces the risk of heart disease, then reversed themselves and said it increases the risk of heart disease. What are the effects caused by consuming alcohol or by receiving hormone replacement therapy? These are causal questions, questions about the effects caused by treatments, policies or preventable exposures. Some causal questions can be studied in randomized trials, in which a coin is flipped to decide the treatment for the next experimental subject. Because randomized trials are not always practical, nor always ethical, many causal questions are investigated in non-randomized observational studies. The reversal of opinion about hormone replacement therapy occurred when a randomized clinical trial contradicted a series of earlier observational studies. Using minimal mathematics - high school algebra and coin flips -- and numerous examples, Observation and Experiment explains the key concepts and methods of causal inference. Examples of randomized experiments and observational studies are drawn from clinical medicine, economics, public health and epidemiology, clinical psychology and psychiatry.--
Baker Berry Q175.32.C38 R67 2017

Science in the soul : selected writings of a passionate rationalist
Dawkins, Richard, 1941- author
New York : Random House, [2017]
"In 1976 Richard Dawkins' The Selfish Gene caused a seismic shift in our understanding of biology by proffering the gene-centered view of evolution and was called 'The best work of popular science ever written" by the New York Review of Books. Then in 2006, Dawkins wrote The God Delusion, transforming the world's cultural and intellectual landscape once again with this takedown of religious faith. In this carefully curated collection of forty-two pieces of his shorter work, Dawkins focuses on what science is and how it is done, the inexhaustible wonders of nature, the importance of critical thinking, and the great minds who have changed his life--including Charles Darwin, Carl Sagan, and Christopher Hitchens."--
Kresge Popular Science Q175 .D325 2017

Successful careers beyond the lab
edited by David J. Bennett, St. Edmunds College, Cambridge, Richard C. Jennings, Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Cambridge University Press, 2017
Kresge Q147 .B455 2017

Ciencia en dictadura : trayectorias, agendas de investigación y políticas represivas en Argentina
compiladora: Cecilia Gárgano
[Buenos Aires] : INTA, 2015
Las ciencias sociales durante la última dictadura / Laura Graciela Rodríguez -- Ciencia y dictadura en la SECyT y el Conicet / Adriana Feld -- Una aproximación a las relaciones entre ciencia, tecnología y política en la CNEA antes de la dictadura / Ana Fernández Larcher -- Consensos y disensos sobre el desarrollo nuclear argentino en la última dictadura / Ana Spivak L'Hoste -- Crónicas de un proyecto tecnológico en un instituto del CONICET : la Planta Modelo Experimental de Agua Pesada (INTEC/INGAR) / Victoria Castro -- Investigación, dictadura y universidad : el caso del Departamento de Hidrología General y Aplicada de la Universidad Nacional del Litoral (1970-1983) / Gabriel Matharan -- Tecnología agropecuaria y dictadura : la intervención militar del INTA / Cecilia Gárgano.
Baker Berry Q127.A7 C545 2015

A memoir of pre-partition Punjab : Ruchi Ram Sahni, 1863-1948
Sahni, Ruchi Ram, 1863-1948, author
New Delhi : Oxford University Press, 2017
Memoirs of a Life in Punjab" is the autobiography of Ruchi Ram Sahni which offers a rich tapestry of life in colonial Punjab with a graphic description of the life of a Hindu business community in Dera Ismail Khan, part of Waziristan in the mid-19th century. It provides a detailed account of the social, political, and intellectual transformation that was taking place in Punjab in the mid-19th century and of which Ruchi Ram Sahni was an integral part. Belonging to the first generation of Punjabis educated in English, he recounts the challenges he faced in his confrontation of orthodox Hinduism.
Baker Berry Q143.S18 A3 2017

Geoffrey of Aspall : questions on Aristotle's Physics
Geoffrey, of Aspall, -1287, author
Oxford : Oxford University Press for the British Academy, 2017
"Geoffrey of Aspall, who died in 1287 and was master of Arts by 1262, was active at Oxford in the years 1255 to 1265. He wrote commentaries on several Aristotelian works, and was certainly a major protagonist of the introduction of Aristotelian learning to Oxford. In particular, he produced a very extensive question-style commentary on Aristotle's Physics, which contains important discussions of the fundamental topics of Aristotle's natural philosophy, like matter, form, natural agency, causes, change, the infinite and the continuum, time, the eternity of the world, self-movers. Aspall's Physics commentary shows the influence of Grosseteste's metaphysics of light and of Roger Bacon's view on the physical role of intentional species, as well as a strong inclination to ontological realism. Aspall's commentary on Aristotle's Physics is edited here in two volumes, which together form the first critical edition of this work. The Latin text is accompanied by a facing English translation, and the text is extensively cross-referenced and provided with scholarly apparatus. The detailed introduction guides the reader through the intricacies of the textual transmission of Aspall's commentary, and also presents the main topics discussed in this commentary. The appendix to the edition makes available alternative versions of some sections of Aspall's commentary" --
Baker Berry Q151 .G46 2017

INSPEC archive
[London] : Institution of Electrical Engineers
The Inspec Archive database contains over 873,700 bibliographic abstracts and indexing to journal articles, conference proceedings, technical reports and other literature in the fields of science and technology with coverage from 1898 to 1968.

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