PE - English Language acquired during September 2017
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Meaning in English : an introduction
Valenzuela, Javier, author
Cambridge ; Cambridge University Press, 2017
What is Semantics? -- Analysing meaning: Some methods -- Language and thought -- Word meaning -- Meaning Relations -- Acquisition of meaning and cross-linguisitic meaning -- Figurative meaning -- Sentential meaning -- Discourse meaning and pragmatics.
This lively, compact textbook introduces readers to semantics - the study of how we construct meaning in communication. Easy to follow, and with a clear structure, it explains formal terminology in a simple and understandable way, without using formal notation or logic, and draws on dozens of examples from up-to-date empirical research findings. Offering a tight integration of classic semantic issues with cognitive science, Javier Valenzuela provides a complete and coherent overview of the main topics in this area, including a review of the empirical methods used in semantic theorizing, and discussions of both non-traditional and new topics, such as how meaning is acquired by children and how meaning is constructed cross-linguistically. Featuring illustrations, exercises, activities, suggestions for further reading, highlighted key terms, and a comprehensive glossary, this book is accessible to beginners and undergraduates, including those from non-linguistic backgrounds with no prior knowledge of linguistic analysis. It will be an essential resource for courses in English language, English studies, linguistics and the cognitive sciences.
Baker Berry PE1585 .V35 2017
Negation in early English : grammatical and functional change
Wallage, Phillip, 1978- author
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Cambridge University Press, 2017
Informed by detailed analysis of data from large-scale diachronic corpora, this book is a comprehensive account of changes to the expression of negation in English. Its methodological approach brings together up-to-date techniques from corpus linguistics and minimalist syntactic analysis to identify and characterise a series of interrelated changes affecting negation during the period 800-1700. Phillip Wallage uses cutting-edge statistical techniques and large-scale corpora to model changes in English negation over a period of nine hundred years. These models provide crucial empirical evidence which reveals the specific processes of syntactic and functional change affecting early English negation, and identifies diachronic relationships between these processes.
Baker Berry PE1359 .N44 2017
The story of be : a verb's-eye view of the English language
Crystal, David, 1941- author
Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press, 
To be or not to be : existential be -- Being, as was : obituarial be -- Time being : temporal be -- Business is business : identifying be -- I am to resign : obligational be -- Has the doctor been? : visitational be -- How are you? : circumstantial be -- I've been with someone : sexual be -- Two and two is four : numerical be -- I might be being obsessive, but . . . : progressive be -- My kids are all grown up : perfective be -- Wannabes and has-beens : nominal be -- That is to say : signifying be -- You're cheeky, you are : repetitive be -- Been and done it : eventive be -- Have you been? : lavatorial be -- So be it : factual be -- I live in Wales, innit? : declarative be -- So I was, like, 'wow ': quotative be -- Woe is me : befalling be -- All shall be well : membership be -- How old are you? : chronological be -- Is you is or is you ain't? : musical be -- Oh no he isn't : ludic be -- Lane closed ahead : missing be -- It's just a book, is all : summarizing be.
It's the most simple, unassuming, innocent-looking verb: 'to be'. Yet it is jam-packed with more different meanings, forms, and uses than any other English word. As he reveals be's multiple incarnations, David Crystal takes us to the heart of our flexible and changing language. He tells the intriguing story in 26 chapters, each linked to a particular usage. We meet circumstantial 'be' ('how are you?'), numerical 'be' ('two and two is four'), quotative 'be' ('so I was like, "wow"'), and ludic 'be' ('oh no he isn't!'), and a whole swarm of other meanings. Bringing the ideas to life are a host of examples from sources as varied as 'Beowulf', Jane Austen, pantomime, 'Hamlet' (of course), and 'Star Wars', with cartoons from Ed McLachlan and Punch peppered throughout. Full of fascinating nuggets of information, it is a book to delight any lover of words and language.
Baker Berry PE1317.B4 C79 2017
A Middle English syntax : parts of speech
Mustanoja, Tauno F. 1912-1996, author
Amsterdam ; John Benjamins Publishing Company, 
For a good orientation into the history of English grammar, several books are indispensable. One of those is Mustanoja's 'A Middle English Syntax'. However, for a long time this work was not readily available; the present edition changes that. This is a fac simile reprint from the 1960 publication which appeared as volume XXIII in 'Memoires de la Societe Neophilologique de Helsinki', with a new Introduction by Elly van Gelderen. Compared to Old English, Middle English has fewer grammars and textbooks devoted to it. This book provides an interesting supplement by going deeper into certain questions and, especially, into exceptions. The book points out differences with Old English and certain peculiarities of the Middle English system. It was originally written for students of Middle English literature but serves a linguist well in detailed descriptions of the parts of speech, the use of the various cases, gender, and number. Word order, complex sentences, and conjunctions were meant to be dealt with in a second volume, which was never published.
Baker Berry PE613 .M97 2016
Making sense : the glamorous story of English grammar
Crystal, David, 1941- author
London : Profile Books Ltd, 2017
"David Crystal explains grammar's rules and irregularities, shows how to navigate its snares and pitfalls, and explores its history and varieties. He gives practical guidance on how grammar may be used for different purposes and in different settings. He provides a series of insights into the stages by which children acquire grammar and shows how this can be used to guide its early instruction. He casts a mordant eye on what learned people have said about English grammar over the centuries and what they continue to say now. People have always been uneasy about points of grammar and worried that what they say may not always be what they mean. Grammar is complex but, Professor Crystal shows, it need not be daunting: the more we understand it, he argues, the more sense we shall make. Making Sense is as entertaining as it is instructive. David Crystal unites investigations of its nature, variations, history, learning, and teaching with a host of practical advice. Like its three companion volumes it will appeal to everyone interested in the English language and how to use it."--Publisher's description.
Baker Berry PE1097 .C79 2017
British Raj : keywords
Nayar, Pramod K
Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon ; Routledge, 2017
Baker Berry PE1582.A3 N39 2017
From drag queens to leathermen : language, gender, and gay male subcultures
Barrett, Rusty, author
New York, NY : Oxford University Press, 
From drag queens to leathermen -- Fierce fish who pee: indexicality and identity among African American drag queens -- The faggot god is here!: indexing space and time in radical faerie sacred music -- The class menagerie: working-class appropriations and bear identity -- Down the K-hole: circuit boy language ideology and linguistic differentiation -- Viral loads: barebacker identity and interactional stances towards ideologies of safe sex -- Red and yellow coming together: intertdiscoursivity and sexual citizenship at international Mr. Leather -- Conclusion: language, gender, and gay male subcultures.
Baker Berry PE3727.G39 B37 2017
The word and its ways in English : essays on the parts of speech and person
Hirtle, W. H., author
Montreal, Quebec : McGill-Queen's University Press, 
Language in the mind -- Why the word? -- The word as a closed watch -- Person, space, and parts of speech : exploring with Guillaume -- Person, space, and parts of speech in the noun phrase -- Case as a grammatical category in modern English -- Person in the substantive and the verb -- The personal pronouns in English and the representation of ordinal person.
"Words are the foundation, the building blocks of language. In this book, Walter Hirtle presents the word as the smallest element of meaning in the brain. He also explores how thoughts in the mind of a speaker become a succession of spoken words that get translated back into meaning in the mind of a listener. Inspired by the work of the French linguist Gustave Guillaume and last of a series, The Word and its Ways in English is a study of the way the word is configured in English, an attempt to discern its nature. His exploration covers different categories of words and how grammatical components such as person, case and gender, contribute to the word's overall meaning and are intimately linked to the mind. The Word and its Ways in English is thought provoking for anybody seeking a deeper understanding of the link between language, meaning and words."--
Baker Berry PE1175 .H54 2017
Understanding English homonyms : their origins and usage
Tulloch, Alexander R., author
Hong Kong : Hong Kong University Press, ©2017
Introduction -- A to Z -- Glossary of terms -- Bibliography.
"Understanding English Homonyms: Their Origins and Usage explores the phenomenon of homonyms in English by analysing a selection of those with the most interesting histories. This book not only illustrates how homonyms are used in various contexts but also provides etymological explanations of how they came to be such a prominent feature of the language. The introduction offers the reader a brief summary of the social, historical, and linguistic influences that contributed to the evolution of this phenomenon in modern English. A glossary of the linguistic terms referred to in the text is also included. With very few books currently available on the historical origins of English homonyms, this volume should prove popular among students of the language and its history. It will also appeal to anyone who is fascinated by etymology in general."--Provided by publisher.
Baker Berry PE1595 .T85 2017
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