P - Philology & Linguistics acquired during October 2017

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Multilingualism : a very short introduction
Maher, John C., 1951- author
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2017
The languages of the world can be seen and heard in cities and towns, forests and isolated settlements, as well as on the internet and in international organizations like the UN or the EU. How did the world acquire so many languages? Why can't we all speak one language, like English or Esperanto? And what makes a person bilingual? Multilingualism, language diversity in society, is a perfect expression of human plurality. About 6,500-7,000 languages are spoken, written and signed, throughout the linguistic landscape of the world, by people who communicate in more than one language (at work, or in the family or community). Many origin myths, like Babel, called it a 'punishment' but multilingualism makes us who we are and plays a large part of our sense of belonging. Languages are instruments for interacting with the cultural environment and their ecology is complex. They can die (Tasmanian), or decline then revive (Manx and Hawaiian), reconstitute from older forms (modern Hebrew), gain new status (Catalan and Maori) or become autonomous national languages (Croatian). Languages can even play a supportive and symbolic role as some territories pursue autonomy or nationhood, such as in the cases of Catalonia and Scotland. In this Very Short Introduction John C. Maher shows how multilingualism offers cultural diversity, complex identities, and alternative ways of doing and knowing to hybrid identities.
Baker Berry P115 .M35 2017

Language contact and change in Mesoamerica and beyond
edited by Karen Dakin, Claudia Parodi, Natalie Operstein
Amsterdam ; John Benjamins Publishing Company, [2017]
Language-contact phenomena in Mesoamerica and adjacent regions present an exciting field for research that has the potential to significantly contribute to our understanding of language contact and the role that it plays in language change. This volume presents and analyzes fresh empirical data from living and/or extinct Mesoamerican languages (from the Mayan, Uto-Aztecan, Totonac-Tepehuan and Otomanguean groups), neighboring non-Mesoamerican languages (Apachean, Arawakan, Andean languages), as well as Spanish. Language-contact effects in these diverse languages and language groups are typically analyzed by different subfields of linguistics that do not necessarily interact with one another. It is hoped that this volume, which contains works from different scholarly traditions that represent a variety of approaches to the study of language contact, will contribute to the lessening of this compartmentalization. The volume is relevant to researchers of language contact and contact-induced change and to anyone interested both in the historical development and present features of indigenous languages of the Americas and Latin American Spanish.
Baker Berry P40.5.L382 C36 2017

Graded modality : qualitative and quantitative perspectives
Lassiter, Daniel, author
Oxford ; Oxford University Press, 2017
This book explores graded expressions of modality, a rich and underexplored source of insight into modal semantics. Studies on modal language to date have largely focussed on a small and non-representative subset of expressions, namely modal auxiliaries such as 'must', 'might', and 'ought'. Here, Daniel Lassiter argues that we should expand the conversation to include gradable modals such as 'more likely than', 'quite possible', and 'very good'. He provides an introduction to qualitative and degree semantics for graded meaning, using the Representational Theory of Measurement to expose the complementarity between these apparently opposed perspectives on gradation. The volume explores and expands the typology of scales among English adjectives and uses the result to shed light on the meanings of a variety of epistemic and deontic modals. It also demonstrates that modality is deeply intertwined with probability and expected value, connecting modal semantics with the cognitive science of uncertainty and choice.
Baker Berry P299.M6 L37 2017

Communicação, cultura e fronteiras
Vera Lucia Spacil Raddatz, Karla Maria Müller (organizadores)
Ijuí, RS, Brasil : Editora UNIJUÍ, 2015
"Esta obra pretende contribuir para a discussão da questão das fronteiras nacionais/internacionais, tendo como perspectiva a sua relação com a comunicação e a cultura, a partir da História, dos movimentos migratórios, do rádio, da televisão, do jornal e da mídia digital. A base é o resultado do trabalho de pesquisadores brasileiros que têm a fronteira como foco, destituindo-a de uma visão unilateral e periférica. As identidades recriam-se e se constituem dentro de uma cultura, absorvendo e ressignificando os elementos e os sentidos dela provenientes. Em espaços de fronteira nacionais, esses traços tornam-se visíveis nas práticas socioculturais dos habitantes do lugar, cujas trocas cotidianas traduzem-se pelo atravessamento das influências culturais de um e de outro, seja pela língua, pela música, pelos costumes e pelas relações do cotidiano. A mídia eletrônica, impressa e digital interpreta e se apropria dessas práticas nas suas representações sobre a fronteira, fortalecendo tais identidades e registrando as novas configurações dos fenômenos identitários, diante do processo de desterritorialização e migrações na sociedade contemporânea"--Back cover.
Baker Berry P91 .C535 2015

The phonetics and phonology of geminate consonants
edited by Haruo Kubozono
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2017
This book is the first volume specifically devoted to the phonetics and phonology of geminate consonants, a feature of many of the world's languages including Arabic, Bengali, Finnish, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Malayalam, Persian, Saami, Swiss German, and Turkish. While the contrast between geminate and singleton consonants has been widely studied, the phonetic manifestation and phonological nature of geminate consonants, as well as their cross-linguistic similarities and differences, are not fully understood. The volume brings together original data and novel analyses of geminate consonants in a variety of languages across the world. Experts in the field present a wide range of approaches to the study of phonological contrasts in general by introducing various experimental and non-experimental methodologies; they also discuss phonological contrasts in a wider context and examine the behaviour of geminate consonants in loanword phonology and language acquisition. The volume takes an interdisciplinary approach, drawing on experimental phonetics, theoretical phonology, speech processing, neurolinguistics, and language acquisition.
Baker Berry P217 .P447 2017

Language teacher education and technology : approaches and practices
edited by Jeong-Bae Son and Scott Windeatt
London ; Bloomsbury Academic, [2017]
Baker Berry P53.285 .L34 2017

Aging heroes : growing old in popular culture
edited by Norma Jones, Bob Batchelor
Lanham, Maryland : Rowman & Littlefield, [2015]
Introduction: on the silver screen: aging heroes in film genres -- Twilight heroes: old age and unfinished business in four "Heartland" films / Cynthia J. Miller -- Golden agers, recluses and John Wayne: aging stereotypes and aging heroes in movie westerns / Mei-Chen Lin and Paul Haridakis -- Aaadrriaan! I'll be baaaaaack! Schwarzenegger and Stallone as aging action heroes / Norma Jones -- Under the wide and starry sky: Hollywood and aging astronauts, 1996-2000 / A. Bowdoin Van Riper -- Diversity concerns: sexuality, race and gender. Queering aging? representations of Liberace's intimate life in HBO's Behind the candelabra / Gust A. Yep, Ryan Lescure, and Jace Allen -- Overcoming the villainous monster: the beginnings of heroic gay male aging / Dustin Bradley Goltz -- The power of performance: Tyler Perry's Madea as village sage and superwoman / Carlos D. Morrison, Jacqueline Allen Trimble, and Ayoleke D. Okeowo -- "Not bad for an abuela, eh?": the representation of the power of age in Maya & Miguel / Emily S. Kinsky and Amanda Gallagher -- Babes and crones: women growing old in comics / Caryn E. Neumann -- Being a man? masculinity and aging heroes. Aging masculinity in popular culture: the case of Mad men's Roger Sterling / Patrice M. Buzzanell and Suzy D'Enbeau -- Aging superheroes: retirement and return in Kingdom come and Old man Logan / Nathan Miczo -- Mr. incredible, the man-of-action, the man-of-power: what if he loses it all? / It'r Erhart and Hande Eslen-ziya -- "He has to be good. The airline won't settle for less": gender, age, and the trope of the male pilot in advertising / Guilliaume De Syon -- Real to reel: individuals aging on and off the screen. Helen Mirren and the media portrayals of aging: women's sexuality concealed and revealed / Barbara Cook Overton, Athena Du Pré, and Loretta l. Pecchioni -- Hellraiser, dandy, eccentric: the evolving star persona of Peter O'Toole in the 1980s and beyond / Anna Thompson Hajdik -- The Betty White moment: the rhetoric of constructing aging and sexuality / Kathleen Turner -- The re-characterization of age and the aging bricoleur: Danny Trejo's reinvention of aging in acting / Salvador Jimenez-Murguia.

Despite the increasing number and variety of older characters appearing in film, television, comics, and other popular culture, much of the understanding of these figures has been limited to outdated stereotypes of aging. These include depictions of frailty, resistance to modern life, and mortality. More importantly, these stereotypes influence the daily lives of aging adults, as well as how younger generations perceive and interact with older individuals. In light of our graying population and the growing diversity of portrayals of older characters in popular culture, it is important to examine how we understand aging. In Aging Heroes: Growing Old in Popular Culture, Norma Jones and Bob Batchelor present a collection of essays that address the increasing presence of characters that simultaneously manifest and challenge the accepted stereotypes of aging. The contributors to this volume explore representations in television programs, comic books, theater, and other forms of media. The chapters include examinations of aging male and female actors who take on leading roles in such movies as Gran Torino, Grudge Match, Escape Plan, Space Cowboys, Taken, and The Big Lebowski as well as The Expendables, Red, and X-Men franchises. Other chapters address perceptions of masculinity, sexuality, gender, and race as manifested by such cultural icons as Superman, Wonder Woman, Danny Trejo, Helen Mirren, Betty White, Liberace, and Tyler Perry's Madea. With multi-disciplinary and accessible essays that encompass the expanding spectrum of aging and related stereotypes, this book offers a broader range of new ways to understand, perceive, and think about aging. Aging Heroes will be of interest to scholars of film, television, gender studies, women's studies, sociology, aging studies, and media studies, as well as to general readers.
Baker Berry P94.5.A38 A35 2015

How pop culture shapes the stages of a woman's life : from toddlers-in-tiaras to cougars-on-the prowl
Ames, Melissa, 1978- author
Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire [England] ; Palgrave Macmillan, 2016
Introduction : Funhouse mirrors: popular culture's distorted view of girl/womanhood -- Becoming a girl: pop culture's first stage of gender training -- Reading between the lines: the lessons adolescent girls learn through popular young adult literature -- The gendered self-help reel: how romantic comedies instruct women on dating dos and don'ts -- Selling weddings and producing brides: mediated portrayals of that 'perfect day' -- Love, American style: gendered representations of marriage in the media -- Nine months of fear and a lifetime of paranoia: the hidden effects of pregnancy manuals, child rearing products, and more -- Changing the playing (or reading) field: reconceptualizing motherhood through humorous parenting texts -- Pumas, and cougars, and MILFs, oh my!: popular portrayals of romance and sexual encounters between 'the older woman' and younger man -- Beyond the hot flashes: new portrayals of mature women -- Conclusion : Exiting the funhouse: challenging society's lessons one stage at a time.

"Popular culture has created a slew of stereotypical roles for girls and women to (willingly or not) play throughout their lives: the Princess, the Diva, the Bridezilla, the Tiger Mother, the M.I.L.F, the Cougar, and more. In this book, Ames and Burcon investigate the role of cultural texts in gender socialization at specific pre-scripted stages of a woman's life and how that instruction compounds over time. By studying various texts (magazines, blogs, tweets, television shows, films, and self-help books) they argue that popular culture exists as a type of funhouse mirror constantly distorting the real world conditions that exist for women. Despite the many problematic, conflicting messages women receive throughout their lives, this book also showcases the ways they are resisted, allowing women to move past the blurry reality they broadcast and toward, hopefully, gender equality."--Back cover.
Baker Berry P94.5.W652 U616 2016

How grammar links concepts : verb-mediated constructions, attribution, perspectivizing
Ungerer, Friedrich, author
Amsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company, [2017]
The proposed framework of 'concept linking' combines insights of construction grammar with those of traditional functional descriptions to explain particularly challenging but often neglected areas of English grammar such as negation, modality, adverbials and non-finite constructions. To reach this goal the idea of a unified network of constructions is replaced by the triad of verb-mediated constructions, attribution and scope-based perspectivizing, each of them understood as a syntactically effective concept-linking mechanism in its own right, but involved in interfaces with the other mechanisms. In addition, 'concept linking' supplies a novel approach to early child language. It casts fresh light on widely accepted descriptions of early two-word utterances and verb islands in usage-based models of language acquisition and encourages a new view of children's 'mistakes'.
Baker Berry P165 .U64 2017

Roland Barthes : grotesque de notre temps, grotesque de tous les temps
Pommier, René, 1933-
Paris : Kimé, 2017
Baker Berry P85.B33 P66 2017

Every word is a bird we teach to sing : encounters with the mysteries and meanings of language
Tammet, Daniel, 1979- author
New York, NY : Little, Brown and Company, 2017
Finding my voice -- The language teacher -- You are what you say -- A poet savant -- Cuecueiuca -- A clockwork language -- The man who was Friday -- Icelandic names -- Dead man talking -- An Englishman at l'Académie Française -- OuLiPo -- Talking hands -- Translating faithfully -- A grammar of the telephone -- Conversational human.

Is vocabulary destiny? Why do clocks 'talk' to the Nahua people of Mexico? Will A.I. researchers ever produce true human-machine dialogue? In this mesmerizing collection of essays, Daniel Tammet answers these and many other questions about the intricacy and profound power of language. Tammet goes back in time to explore the numeric language of his autistic childhood; he looks at the music and patterns that words make, and how languages evolve and are translated. He meets one of the world's most accomplished lip readers in Canada, learns how endangered languages like Manx are being revived and corresponds with native speakers of Esperanto in their mother tongue. He studies the grammar of the telephone, contemplates the significance of disappearing dialects, and also asks: will chatbots ever manage to convince us that they are human? From the art of translation to the lyricism of sign language, "Every Word is a Bird We Teach to Sing" is a fascinating journey through the world of words, letters, stories and meanings, and an extraordinary testament to the stunning range of Tammet's literary and polyglot talents.
Baker Berry P107 .T363 2017

Europe un-imagined : nation and culture at a French-German television channel
Stankiewicz, Damien, 1980-, author
Toronto ; University of Toronto Press, [2017]
"Europe Un-Imagined examines one of the world's first and only trans nationally produced television channels, Association relative à la télévision européenne (ARTE). ARTE calls itself the "European culture channel" and was launched in 1991 with a French-German intergovernmental mandate to produce television and other media that promoted pan-European community and culture. Damien Stankiewicz's ground-breaking ethnographic study of the various contexts of media production work at ARTE (the newsroom, the editing studio, the screening room), reveals how ideas about French, German, and European culture coalesce and circulate at the channel. He argues that the reproduction of nationalism often goes unacknowledged and unremarked upon, and questions whether something like a European "imagination" can be produced. Stankiewicz describes the challenges that ARTE staff face, including rapidly changing media technologies and audiences, unreflective national stereotyping, and unwieldy bureaucratic infrastructure, which ultimately limit the channel's abilities to cultivate a transnational, "European" public. Europe Un-Imagined challenges its readers to find new ways of thinking about how people belong in the world beyond the problematic logics of national categorization."--
Baker Berry P95.82 .E85 S73 2017

Reconstructing alliterative verse : the pursuit of a medieval meter
Cornelius, Ian, 1980- author
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Cambridge University Press, 2017
Introduction: what was alliterative poetry?; 1. An unwritten medieval treatise; 2. The accentual paradigm in early English metrics; 3. The origins of the alliterative revival; 4. The fourteenth-century meter; 5. The end of alliterative verse; Epilogue: Edmund Spenser's poetry lesson.

"The poetry we call 'alliterative' is recorded in English from the seventh century until the sixteenth, and includes Caedmon's 'Hymn', Beowulf, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, and Piers Plowman. These are some of the most admired works of medieval English literature, and also among the most enigmatic. The formal practice of alliterative poets exceeded the conceptual grasp of medieval literary theory; theorists are still playing catch-up today. This book explains the distinctive nature of alliterative meter, explores its differences from subsequent accentual-syllabic forms, and advances a reformed understanding of medieval English literary history. The startling formal variety of Piers Plowman and other Middle English alliterative poems comes into sharper focus when viewed in diachronic perspective: the meter was in transition; to understand it, we need to know where it came from and where it was headed at the moment it died out"--
Baker Berry P311 .C67 2017

Poetic conventions as cognitive fossils
Tsur, Reuven, author
New York, NY : Oxford University Press, [2017]
Introduction: where do conventions come from? -- Some implications of D'Andrade's assumptions -- Poetic conventions as fossilized cognitive devices: the case of medieval and Renaissance poetics -- Frozen formulae and expressive force: the ballad "Edward" -- Artistic devices and mystical qualities in Hebrew devotional poems -- Artistic devices and mystical qualities in Hebrew devotional poems -- The translated poem as an esthetic object how conventions constrain one another in a poem -- The translated poem as an esthetic object how conventions constrain one another in a poem -- Some remarks on the nature of trochees and iambs and their relationship to other meters -- Poetic language and the psychopathology of everyday life.
Baker Berry P311 .T66 2017

Quantitative methods for second language research : a problem-solving approach
Roever, Carsten, author
Abingdon, Oxon ; Routledge, an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, 2017
Baker Berry P118.2 .R593 2017

The Emoji code : the linguistics behind smiley faces and scaredy cats
Evans, Vyvyan, author
New York : Picador, 2017
Prologue: beginnings -- Is Emoji the new universal 'language'? -- Emoji crime and the nature of communication -- What's in a word? -- Emotionally speaking -- Colourful writing -- A picture paints a thousand words -- All change for a changing world -- Epilogue: the future of communication.

"Charts the evolutionary origins of language, the social and cultural factors that govern its use, change, and development; as well as what it reveals about the human mind. In most communication, nonverbal cues are our emotional expression, signal our personality, and are our attitude toward our addressee. They provide the essential means of nuance and are essential to getting our ideas across. But in digital communication, these cues are missing, which can lead to miscommunication. The explosion of emoji, in less than four years, has arisen precisely because it fulfills exactly these functions which are essential for communication but are otherwise absent in texts and emails. Evans persuasively argues that emoji add tone and an emotional voice and nuance, making us more effective communicators in the digital age"--Amazon.
Baker Berry P99.4.E66 E93 2017

Roland Barthes : création, émotion, jouissance
sous la direction de Nenad Ivić et Maja Vukušić Zorica ; introduction, Éric Marty
Paris : Classiques Garnier, 2017
Baker Berry P85.B33 C65 2015

Micro-change and macro-change in diachronic syntax
edited by Éric Mathieu and Robert Truswell
Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press, 2017
"The chapters in this volume address the process of syntactic change at different granularities. The language-particular component of a grammar is now usually assumed to be nothing more than the specification of the grammatical properties of a set of lexical items. Accordingly, grammar change must reduce to lexical change. And yet these micro-changes can cumulatively alter the typological character of a language (a macro-change). A central puzzle in diachronic syntax is how to relate macro-changes to micro-changes. Several chapters in this volume describe specific micro-changes: changes in the syntactic properties of a particular lexical item or class of lexical items. Other chapters explore links between micro-change and macro-change, using devices such as grammar competition at the individual and population level, recurring diachronic pathways, and links between acquisition biases and diachronic processes. This book is therefore a great companion to the recent literature on the micro- versus macro-approaches to parameters in synchronic syntax. One of its important contributions is the demonstration of how much we can learn about synchronic linguistics through the way languages change: the case studies included provide diachronic insight into many syntactic constructions that have been the target of extensive recent synchronic research, including tense, aspect, relative clauses, stylistic fronting, verb second, demonstratives, and negation. Languages discussed include several archaic and contemporary Romance and Germanic varieties, as well as Greek, Hungarian, and Chinese, among many others."--Dust jacket
Baker Berry P140 .M537 2017

Manuale di epigrafia micenea : introduzione allo studio dei testi in lineare B
a cura di Maurizio Del Freo e Massimo Perna
Padova, Italy : Libreriauniversitaria.it edizioni, dicembre 2016
Baker Berry P1038 .M355 2016

Diachronic developments in English news discourse
edited by Minna Palander-Collin, Maura Ratia, Irma Taavitsainen
Amsterdam ; John Benjamins Publishing Company, [2017]
The history of English news discourse is characterised by intriguing multilevel developments, and the present cannot be separated from them. For example, audience engagement is by no means an invention of the digital age. This collection highlights major topics that range from newspaper genres like sports reports, advertisements and comic strips to a variety of news practices. All contributions view news discourse in a specific historical period or across time and relate language features to their sociohistorical contexts and changing ideologies. The varying needs and expectations of the newspaper producers, writers and readers, and even news agents, are taken into account. The articles use interdisciplinary study methods and move at interfaces between sociolinguistics, journalism, semiotics, literary theory, critical discourse analysis, pragmatics and sociology.
Baker Berry P302.84 .D423 2017

The alphabet effect : a media ecology understanding of the making of Western civilization
Logan, Robert K., 1939-
Cresskill, N.J. : Hampton Press, ©2004
"This book is a study of the evolution of writing systems. It describes the role the phonetic alphabet has played in the development of Western Civilization, in contrast with the role of pictographic writing systems in China and elsewhere. Because the alphabet is so much a part of our information environment, we often take its existence for granted and are blind to its effects. Drawing a variety of conclusions about how societies advance, the author shows how the advent of mass communication and the use of computers effect how we communicate."--Jacket.
Baker Berry P211 .L7298 2004

Communication & mass media complete
[Ipswich, MA] : EBSCO Pub., ©2004-
Full text and cover-to-cover indexing and abstracts for journals covering communication, mass media, linguistics, rhetoric, language, logic, and other closely related fields.

Languages of the world : an introduction
Pereltsvaig, Asya, 1972- author
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Cambridge University Press, 2017
Baker Berry P53 .P4443 2017

Commands : a cross-linguistic typology
edited by Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald and R.M.W. Dixon
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2017
Baker Berry P95.55 .C645 2017

Discourse : the basics
Goddard, Angela, 1954- author
London ; Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2017
Humans are social animals and through conversation, written communication, symbols and other expressions are constantly interacting with each other. 'Discourse' is an accessible and engaging introduction to the analysis of those interactions and the many forms, expressions and meanings they can take. The book draws on a range of international case studies and examples from literature, political speech, advertising and newspaper articles to address key questions such as: What is discourse? Why are there different approaches to understanding discourse? What issues affect the collection and management of discourse? How can discourse be represented?
Baker Berry P302 .G59 2017