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The Republican Aventine and Rome's social order
Mignone, Lisa
Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, [2016]
Introduction: The Republican Aventine, the Plebeian District Par Excellence -- Aventine Withdrawal : Geographies of Secession -- Land Confiscation on the Aventine : Ager Publicus and the Lex Icilia de Aventino Publicando -- The Aventine's Development and Residents : Non Alter Populus -- The Aventine's Residents in the Archaeological Record : Promisce Urbs Aedificata -- Zoning Rome's Residents -- Conclusion: Plebs Habitat Diversa Locis -- Epilogue: Modern Secessions of Conscience : Constructing the Plebeian Aventine -- Appendix 1: Ceres, the So-Called Aventine Triad, and the Case of Mistaken Geography -- Appendix 2: The Authenticity of Dionysius' Archaic Bronze Stele and Its Contents.

"The Republican Aventine and Rome's Social Order is about one hill in particular, the Aventine, and its segregation from and integration into the residential fabric of Rome. My chronological focus is the Roman Republic, with studies peering into the Augustan principate. Throughout the text, all dates are BCE unless otherwise noted, and the title's reference to Roman social order reflects this monograph's twin themes: the plebs and urban stability. First, this book destabilizes the long-standing scholarly tradition that the Aventine was the citadel and headquarters for Rome's politically vibrant plebs. Second, it demonstrates that the development of the Aventine as a region mirrors the overall evolution of the urbs. The caput mundi was characterized by an extraordinary degree of socioeconomic integration, and the book concludes by proposing that this transurban heterogeneity may have contributed to the city's relative tranquility up until the final decades of the republic. This book aims to offer a deeply textured reconstruction of the Aventine as a literary and conceptual construct, on the one hand, and as a physical space, on the other. The city map is intentionally blank. Though we know which monuments stood on the Aventine in the Republic, we do not know where they stood. The ruins that have been recovered remain anonymous or assigned amid great conjecture. This book is not a topographical manual or an archaeological survey guide. It does not seek to attach famous figures to known archaeological sites or to assign residents to a map. A flurry of recent and ongoing scholarship has made that sort of work possible. The publication of the Lexicon Topographicum Urbis Romae in particular ensures that Rome's cultural geography will remain a very fertile and dynamic field within classical studies. The contribution of this monograph is that it applies fresh, critical readings to the literary tradition, material culture, and comparative urban studies, to offer a new assessment of one of Rome's canonical hills and to theorize broadly about republican Rome's residential practices"--Preface.
Baker Berry DG66 .M54 2016

Lucius Cornelius Sulla in der antiken Erinnerung : Jener Mörder, der sich Felix nannte
Eckert, Alexandra, Dr
Göttingen : De Gruyter, 2016
Lucius Cornelius Sulla led his army against Rome, devastated Athens, and, as dictator, took bloody revenge on his enemies after his victory in the Civil War. His iconoclasm was infused in the collective memory of Greeks and Romans for many generations. Based on the concepts of cultural trauma and cultural memory, this book presents the first comprehensive study on the ancient memory of Sulla, covering a period of over 400 years.
Baker Berry DG256.7 .L83 2016

Dante Alighieri e la battaglia di Montecatini : 29 agosto 1315
Ferretti, Vasco
Firenze : Edifir edizioni Firenze, [2015]
Baker Berry DG975.M67424 F49 2015

The archaeology of Malta : from the Neolithic through the Roman period
Sagona, Claudia, 1956-
New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2015
The Maltese archipelago is a unique barometer for understanding cultural change in the central Mediterranean. Prehistoric people helped reshape the islands' economy and when Mediterranean maritime highways were being established, the islands became a significant lure to Phoenician colonists venturing from their Levantine homeland. Punic Malta also sat at the front line of regional hostilities until it fell to Rome. Preserved in this island setting are signs of people's endurance and adaptation to each new challenge. This book is the first systematic and up-to-date survey of the islands' archaeological evidence from the initial settlers to the archipelago's inclusion into the Roman world (c.5000 BC-400 AD). Claudia Sagona draws upon old and new discoveries and her analysis covers well-known sites such as the megalithic structures, as well as less familiar locations and discoveries. She interprets the archaeological record to explain changing social and political structures, intriguing ritual practices and cultural contact through several millennia.
Baker Berry DG989.5 .S235 2015

Dinamiche insediative nel territorio di Canicattini Bagni e nel Bacino di Alimentazione del Torrente Cavadonna (Siracusa) tra Antichità e Medioevo
Cugno, Santino Alessandro, author
Oxford : British Archaeological Reports, 2016
This volume is the result of a research project that, since 2008, has had the objective of studying and understanding the spatial planning and dynamics of rural settlements located in the catchment of the River Cavadonna (south-eastern Sicily) between Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. The new archaeological and topographical data that has emerged from recent surveys, along with a preliminary review of documentary sources and place names, together with a preliminary census of all archaeological evidence known through the scientific literature and local erudition,may contribute to a better analysis of the historical context and topographical relationships of the ancient and medieval settlements in Syracuses inland, and to their connection with the viability, and the peculiar geographical and strategic positions, of the ancient Greek metropolis of Syracuse and its sub-colony of Akrai.
Baker Berry DG975.C17782 C84 2016

Triumphs in the age of civil war : the late Republic and the adaptability of triumphal tradition
Lange, Carsten Hjort, author
London ; Bloomsbury Academic, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing Plc, 2016
Chapter 1: A Voice from No Man's Land : Approaches to Civil War and Triumph -- Chapter 2: Triumph, Ovation, Alban Mount triumph and Naval triumph -- Chapter 3: The Fasti Triumphales and Triumphal Housekeeping -- Chapter 4: The Late Republican Triumph : Continuity and Change -- Chapter 5: Triumph and Civil War in the Late Republic : Constructing the Enemy -- Chapter 6: Augustus, Triumph, Civil War, and the Victory Monument at Actium : a Reconsideration -- Chapter 7: Triumphal Topography : Augustus' Triumphal and Triumph-like Returns -- Epilogue: Civil War and Triumph : The Casa di Pilatos Relief -- Appendix: Triumphal Arches.

"Many of the wars of the late Republic were largely civil conflicts. There was, therefore, a tension between the traditional expectation that triumphs should be celebrated for victories over foreign enemies and the need of the great commanders to give full expression to their prestige and charisma, and to legitimize their power. Triumphs in the Age of Civil War rethinks the nature and the character of the phenomenon of civil war during the Late Republic. At the same time it focuses on a key feature of the Roman socio-political order, the triumph, and argues that a commander could in practice expect to triumph after a civil war victory if it could also be represented as being over a foreign enemy, even if the principal opponent was clearly Roman. Significantly, the civil aspect of the war did not have to be denied. Carsten Hjort Lange provides the first study to consider the Roman triumph during the age of civil war, and argues that the idea of civil war as 'normal' reflects the way civil war permeated the politics and society of the Late Roman Republic"--
Baker Berry DG254.2 .L36 2016

Performance, memory, and processions in ancient Rome : the pompa circensis from the Republic to Late Antiquity
Latham, Jacob A., 1974- author
New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2016
Machine generated contents note: Dedication; Acknowledgements; List of illustrations; Abbreviations; Introduction: 1. History in the subjunctive; 2. Idioms of spectacle between Hellenism and Imperialism; 3. Ritual rhythms of the pompa circensis; Part I. An Ideal-type between the Republic and Memories of the Republic: 1. Pompa hominum: gravity and levity, resonance and wonder, ritual failure; 1.1 'Rituals in ink': Dionysius of Halicarnassus; 1.2 Gravity, levity, and ritual resonance in the pompa hominum; 1.2.1 'Those holding the greatest authority'; 1.2.2 '[Roman] sons on the verge of manhood'; 1.2.3 'The charioteers followed'; 1.2.4 'Numerous companies of dancers'; 1.2.5 'Bands of dancers playing satyrs'; 1.2.6 'Censers in which incense and frankincense were burned'; 1.3 Wonder: spectacle and the pompa circensis; 1.4 Ritual failure in the pompa hominum; 2. Pompa deorum: performing theology, performing the gods; 2.1 Religious education and performed 'theology'; 2.2 Performing the gods; 2.2.1 Fercula and simulacra; 2.2.2 Exuviae and tensae; 2.2.3 Folkloric figures; 2.3 Regulations, risks, and ritual failure in the pompa deorum; 3. Iter pompae circensis: memory, resonance, the image of the city; 3.1 An itinerary of collective memory; 3.2 Resonance and repetition; 3.2.1 Capitolium: 'the citadel and Capitolium, the seat of the gods, the senate, and the head of public judgment'; 3.3.2 Forum Romanum: 'wider intercolumniations should be distributed around the spectacles ... and in balconies should be placed in the upper stories'; 3.2.3 Velabrum: 'the vile throng of the vicus Tuscus'; 3.2.4 Aedes Cereris; 3.2.5 Circus Maximus: 'they come to see, they come that they may be seen'; 3.3 Imaging Rome on the ground and in the imagination; 3.3.1 Way-finding in Republican Rome; 3.3.2 Symbolic cityscapes: Senatus populusque Romanus et dei and Aurea Roma; 3.4 An ideal-type between the Republic and memories of the Republic; Part II. The Pompa Circensis from Julius Caesar to Late Antiquity: 4. 'Honors greater than human': Imperial cult and the pompa circensis; 4.1 Imperial gods in the pompa circensis: from Caesar to the Severans; 4.1.1 Dynastic beginnings: Caesar to Augustus; 4.1.2 The Augustan settlement: honoring divus Augustus; 4.1.3 Innovation into tradition: the Julio-Claudians; 4.1.4 Divi, divae, and the imperial family from the Flavians to the Severans; 4.1.5 The traditional gods; 4.2 An imperial palimpsest: the itinerary from Augustus to Septimius Severus; 4.2.1 Restoring cultural memory in Imperial Rome; 4.2.2 Deus Praesens: Imperial cult temples and triumphal arches; 5. Behind 'the Veil of power': ritual failure, ordinary humans, and Ludic processions during the High Empire; 5.1 Imperial ritual failure; 5.2 'Ordinary' humans in the pompa circensis; 5.3 The pompa circensis outside Rome and the pompa (amphi- )theatralis; 5.3.1 The pompa circensis outside Rome; 5.3.2 The pompa (amphi- )theatralis; 5.4 'The horses, fleet as the wind, will contend for the first palm'; 6. The pompa circensis in Late Antiquity: imperialization, Christianization, restoration; 6.1 Pompa diaboli: Christian rhetoric and the pompa circensis; 6.2 Voluptates: imperial law and the 'secularization' of the ludi; 6.3 Emperors and victory: the pompa circensis in Late Antiquity; 6.4 The sub-imperial pompa circensis in Late Antiquity; 6.5 Restoring the 'Republic': the Late Antique itinerary; Conclusion; Bibliography; Index.

"The pompa circensis, the procession which preceded the chariot races in the arena, was both a prominent political pageant and a hallowed religious ritual. Traversing a landscape of memory, the procession wove together spaces and institutions, monuments and performers, gods and humans into an image of the city, whose contours shifted as Rome changed. In the late Republic, the parade produced an image of Rome as the senate and the people with their gods - a deeply traditional symbol of the city which was transformed during the empire when an imperial image was built on top of the republican one. In late antiquity, the procession fashioned a multiplicity of Romes: imperial, traditional, and Christian. In this book, Jacob A. Latham explores the webs of symbolic meanings in the play between performance and itinerary, tracing the transformations of the circus procession from the late Republic to late antiquity"--
Baker Berry DG81 .L29 2016

The life and legacy of Constantine : traditions through the ages
edited by M. Shane Bjornlie
Abingdon, Oxon ; Routledge, 2017
Introduction / Shane Bjornlie -- Imagining Constantine, then and now / Raymond Van Dam -- The reception of classical pastoral in the age of Constantine / Christopher Chinn -- Platonism in the palace: the character of Constantine's theology / Elizabeth DePalma Digeser -- What hath Constantine wrought? / H.A. Drake -- Constantine and Silvester in the Actus Silvestri / Kristina Sessa -- Constantine in the sixth century: from Constantinople to Tours / Shane Bjornlie -- Back to the future: Constantine and the last Roman emperor / Kenneth Baxter Wolf -- Charlemagne: a new Constantine? / Judson Emerick -- Dante, Constantine the Christian, and the illegitimate donation of Constantine / Brenda Deen Schildgen -- "If possession be poison": endowment, sophistic and the legacy of Constantine in late medieval England / Jennifer Jahner -- Constantine in late medieval western art: just the son of a holy mother? / Gerhard Jaritz -- Constantine and the Renovatio Romae in the Renaissance and Baroque / George L. Gorse.
Baker Berry DG315 .L54 2017

Leisure & luxury in the age of Nero : the villas of Oplontis near Pompeii
edited by Elaine K. Gazda and John R. Clarke ; with the assistance of Lynley J. McAlpine
Ann Arbor, Michigan : Kelsey Museum of Archaeology 2016
Baker Berry DG70.T67 L45 2016

Archaeology of Grotta Scaloria : ritual in Neolithic Southeast Italy
edited by Ernestine S. Elster, Eugenia Isetti, John Robb, Antonella Traverso
[Los Angeles] : The Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press, [2016]
Grotta Scaloria : an Archaeological History / Ernestine S. Elster -- Comments, Scaloria Day, Genoa 2008 / Santo Tinè -- Introduction to Scaloria Cave -- The Ancient Cave and Its Human Occupation -- The Cave's Occupants in Life and Death -- Material Culture I: Pottery : Form, Decoration, and Distribution -- Material Culture II: Stone Tools and Artifacts of Bone and Shell -- Conclusions / John Robb, Ernestine S. Elster, Eugenia Isetti, and Antonella Traverso -- Appendices.

"Grotta Scaloria, a cave in Apulia, was first discovered and explored in 1931, excavated briefly in 1967, and then excavated extensively from 1978 to 1980 by a joint UCLA-University of Genoa team, but it was never fully published. The Save Scaloria Project was organized to locate this legacy data and to enhance that information by application of the newest methods of archaeological and scientific analysis. This significant site is finally published in one comprehensive volume (and in an online archive of additional data and photographs) that gathers together the archaeological data from the upper and lower chambers of the cave. These data indicate intense ritual and quotidian use during the Neolithic period (circa 5600-5300 BCE). The Grotta Scaloria project is also important as historiography, since it illustrates a changing trajectory of research spanning three generations of European and American archaeology"--
Baker Berry DG55.A65 A72 2016

Ancient Syracuse : from foundation to fourth century collapse
Evans, Richard J., 1954- author
London ; Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2016
The myths and the reality of the foundation -- The Deinomenid tyranny (ca. 700-466 BC) -- The fifth century collapse (466-460 BC) -- Democracy and Ducetius (460-427 BC) -- The First Athenian Expedition (427-424 BC) -- The Second Athenian Expedition (415-413 BC) -- The rise of the tyrant Dionysius I -- The fourth century collapse.
Baker Berry DG975.S9 E93 2016

Pax Romana : war, peace, and conquest in the Roman world
Goldsworthy, Adrian Keith, author
New Haven : Yale University Press, 2016
Best-selling author Adrian Goldsworthy turns his attention to the Pax Romana, the famous peace and prosperity brought by the Roman Empire at its height in the first and second centuries AD. Yet the Romans were conquerors, imperialists who took by force a vast empire stretching from the Euphrates to the Atlantic coast. Ruthless, Romans won peace not through coexistence but through dominance; millions died and were enslaved during the creation of their empire. Pax Romana examines how the Romans came to control so much of the world and asks whether traditionally favorable images of the Roman peace are true. Goldsworthy vividly recounts the rebellions of the conquered, examining why they broke out, why most failed, and how they became exceedingly rare. He reveals that hostility was just one reaction to the arrival of Rome and that from the outset, conquered peoples collaborated, formed alliances, and joined invaders, causing resistance movements to fade away.
Baker Berry DG276.5 .G65 2016

The Codex Fori Mussolini : a Latin text of Italian fascism
edited with introduction, commentary and translation, Han Lamers and Bettina Reitz-Joosse
London : Bloomsbury Academic, 2016
The Codex Fori Mussolini in context -- Introduction -- Structure and content -- Editions -- The author of the Codex Fori Mussolini -- The Codex and the use of Latin under fascism -- The Codex and the Foro Mussolini -- The Codex under the obelisk -- The Codex as a foundation deposit -- Latin text and translation -- List of textual variants -- Commentary -- Timeline.

The year is 1932. In Rome, the Fascist leader Benito Mussolini unveils a giant obelisk of white marble, bearing the Latin inscription MVSSOLINI DVX. Invisible to the cheering crowds, a metal box lies immured in the obelisk's base. It contains a few gold coins and, written on a piece of parchment, a Latin text: the Codex fori Mussolini. What does this text say? Why was it buried there? And why was it written in Latin? The Codex, composed by the classical scholar Aurelio Giuseppe Amatucci (1867-1960), presents a carefully constructed account of the rise of Italian Fascism and its leader, Benito Mussolini. Though written in the language of Roman antiquity, the Codex was supposed to reach audiences in the distant future. Placed under the obelisk with future excavation and rediscovery in mind, the Latin text was an attempt at directing the future reception of Italian Fascism. This book renders the Codex accessible to scholars and students of different disciplines, offering a thorough and wide-ranging introduction, a clear translation, and a commentary elucidating the text's rhetorical strategies, historical background, and specifics of phrasing and reference. As the first detailed study of a Fascist Latin text, it also throws new light on the important role of the Latin language in Italian Fascist culture.
Baker Berry DG571 .C55 2016

Roman power : a thousand years of empire
Harris, William V. author
New York : Cambridge University Press, 2016
Part I. The long-term evolution of Roman power -- Part II. The Romans against outsiders, 400 BC to 16 AD -- Part III. The Romans against each other, from republic to monarchy -- Part IV. The Romans against outsiders, 16 to 337 AD -- Part V. The Romans against each other: from empire to nation? -- Part V. The Romans against outsiders, 337 to 641 AD -- Part VII. The Romans against each other in two long crises -- Part VIII. Retrospect and some reflections.
Baker Berry DG270 .H27 2016

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