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BJ - Ethics / Social Usage acquired during August 2016

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British ethical theorists from Sidgwick to Ewing
Hurka, Thomas, 1952- author
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2014
1. Minimal Concepts -- 2. 'Ought' and 'Good' -- 3. Kinds of Goodness and Duty -- 4. Non-Naturalism -- 5. Intuitionism -- 6. Moral Truths: Underivative and Derived -- 7. Consequentialism vs. Deontology -- 8. Act-Consequentialism, Pluralist Deontology -- 9. Non-Moral Goods -- 10. Moral Goods -- 11. Your Good, Distribution, Punishment -- 12. Historians of Ethics.

Thomas Hurka presents the first full historical study of an important strand in the development of modern moral philosophy. His subject is a series of British ethical theorists from the late nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century, who shared key assumptions that made them a unified and distinctive school. The best-known of them are Henry Sidgwick, G.E. Moore, and W.D. Ross; others include Hastings Rashdall, H.A. Prichard, C.D. Broad, and A.C. Ewing. They disagreed on some important topics, especially in normative ethics. Thus some were consequentialists and others deontologists: Sidgwick thought only pleasure is good while others emphasized perfectionist goods such as knowledge, aesthetic appreciation, and virtue. But all were non-naturalists and intuitionists in metaethics, holding that moral judgements can be objectively true, have a distinctive subject-matter, and are known by direct insight. They also had similar views about how ethical theory should proceed and what are relevant arguments in it; their disagreements therefore took place on common ground. Hurka recovers the history of this under-appreciated group by showing what its members thought, how they influenced each other, and how their ideas changed through time. He also identifies the shared assumptions that made their school unified and distinctive, and assesses their contributions critically, both when they debated each other and when they agreed. One of his themes is that their general approach to ethics was more fruitful philosophically than many better-known ones of both earlier and later times.
Baker Berry BJ602 .H87 2014

Words, works, and ways of knowing : the breakdown of moral philosophy in New England before the Civil War
Paretsky, Sara, author
Chicago ; The University of Chicago Press, [2016]
The background of the Christian scholar -- Reason, revelation, and the rise of Biblical criticism -- The Christian scholar comes of age -- The knowledge explosion at Andover -- The narration of the creation in Genesis -- The breakdown of moral philosophy at Andover.
Baker Berry BJ68.A53 P37 2016

Sorry! : the English and their manners
Hitchings, Henry, 1974-
New York : Farrar Straus & Giroux, 2013
The stars' tennis balls : or, A short introduction from an unusual angle --"I'ma get medieval on yo ass' : manners in the age of chivalry -- Lubricants and filters : 'a kind of lesser morality' -- Godspeed, babe : or, Meetings and greetings -- Of courtiers and codpieces : fashioning Renaissance identity -- But who was the Renaissance man? -- Table manners : or, How to eat a cobra's heart -- The Clothes Show : 'When in doubt, opt for navy' -- Mr Sex -- Not Mr Sex : when 'coffee' doesn't mean coffee -- The elephant and the bad baby : the everyday language of manners -- Spectators and stratagems : the polite, commercial eighteenth century -- Lord Chesterfield and the invention of etiquette -- Letters and social change : Jane Austen and Fanny Burney -- The Englishness of English manners -- Island Man and his discontents : 'They do things differently there' -- Fanny Trollope and the domestic manners of Americans -- 'You're the most important person!' : the trouble with children -- What were Victorian values? -- Curb your enthusiasm : new ways for new times -- Creative hubs and 'extreme phenomena' : negotiating the modern city -- Location, location, location : the rules of place -- A fluid world : or, 'Are you suggesting that I should call you Eric?' -- Technology and the revenge effect -- 'Are we there yet?' : manners now.

Journalist and theater critic Hitchings (The Language Wars) takes up the curious study of proper English behavior in his latest book. Manners matter to the English, yet the Daily Mail reported a study in 2008 "claiming that bad manners were the biggest problem facing society." Part social history, part cultural critique, the book moves humorously from the ancient to the modern with pithy anecdotes and amusing factoids. In the medieval court of Henry II, "One shouldn't attack an enemy while he is defecating, should avoid sharing secrets with one's wife, and ought to look towards the ceiling when belching." As the author notes, "people have been talking about modern manners' since the 18th century, " and the discussion continues. The tour of manners encompasses living conditions, language, social structures, innovations, and philosophy throughout centuries. This is not a book of etiquette instruction, but deconstruction.
Baker Berry BJ1873 .H58 2013

A feminist perspective on virtue ethics
Berges, Sandrine
New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2015
Historical perspective on women's ethical experience, care and virtue ethics -- Origins revisited: on the mother's side -- Stoic virtues, Christian caritas, and the communal life -- The paradox of the virtuous woman in Christine De Pizan's Fortress, and in 15th century public life -- Revolutionary mothers, or virtue in the age of Enlightenment -- Care as virtue -- Care, gender, and the public life -- Care and global justice -- Looking back and the way ahead.

A Feminist Perspective on Virtue Ethics provides of historical survey of feminist virtue ethics, and shows how the ethical theorizing of women in the past can be brought to bear on that of women in the present.
Baker Berry BJ1395 .B47 2015

The ethics of discernment : Lonergan's foundation for ethics
Byrne, Patrick H. 1947- author
Toronto ; University of Toronto Press, [2016]
"In The Ethics of Discernment, Patrick H. Byrne presents an approach to ethics that builds upon the cognitional theory and the philosophical method of self-appropriation that Bernard Lonergan introduced in his book Insight, as well as upon Lonergan's later writing on ethics and values. Extending Lonergan's method into the realm of ethics, Byrne argues that we can use self-appropriation to come to objective judgements of value. The Ethics of Discernment is an introspective analysis of that process, in which sustained ethical inquiry and attentiveness to feelings as "intentions of value" leads to a rich conception of the good. Written both for those with an interest in Lonergan's philosophy and for those interested in theories of ethics who have only a limited knowledge of Lonergan's work, Byrne's book is the first detailed exposition of an ethical theory based on Lonergan's philosophical method."--
Baker Berry BJ404.L663 B97 2016

The practices of global ethics : historical backgrounds, current issues and future prospects
Bird, Frederick B. 1938- author
Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press, [2016]
Introduction: The Practices of Global Ethics -- PART I: Developing Common Grounds -- 1. Human Rights and Globalisation -- 2. The Earth Charter -- 3. Three Visionary Declarations -- PART II: Addressing Global Ethical Issues -- 4. Practicing Global Environmental Ethics -- 5. Religion, Politics and Genocide -- 6. Elements of a Global Ethic with Respect to Armed Conflict -- 7. The Practices of Global Ethics with Respect to Poverty -- 8. The Globalisation of Business Ethics -- PART III: Religions, Religious Issues and The Practices of Global Ethics -- 9. The Interfaith Movement: Global and Local Dimensions -- 10. The Ethics of Proselytising and Religious Freedom -- 11. Towards a Global Ethics for Education about Religions and Beliefs in Public Schools -- Conclusion: The Practices of Global Ethics, History and Hope.

Looking back at statements of global ethical principles including The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Earth Charter and the Rio Documents, this book positions them as the outcomes and expression of ongoing practices. Offering innovative, critical and thoughtful analyses of ethical practices since World War II, the book examines, among other worldwide endeavours, efforts to promote human rights; foster ecological responsibility; end genocide; reduce global poverty; encourage responsible and sustainable international business practices; and cultivate understanding and collaboration amongst the world's religions.
Baker Berry BJ1012 .B57 2016

Moral disengagement : how people do harm and live with themselves
Bandura, Albert, 1925- author
New York : Worth Publishers, Macmillan Learning, [2016]
Preface -- The nature of moral agency -- Mechanisms of moral disengagement -- The entertainment industry -- The gun industry -- The corporate world -- Capital punishment -- Terrorism and counterterrorism -- Environmental sustainability -- Epilogue -- References -- Name index -- Subject index.

"How do otherwise considerate human beings do cruel things and still live in peace with themselves? Drawing on his agentic theory, Dr. Bandura provides a definitive exposition of the psychosocial mechanism by which people selectively disengage their moral self-sanctions from their harmful conduct. They do so by sanctifying their harmful behavior as serving worthy causes; they absolve themselves of blame for the harm they cause by displacement and diffusion of responsibility; they minimize or deny the harmful effects of their actions; and they dehumanize those they maltreat and blame them for bringing the suffering on themselves. Dr. Bandura's theory of moral disengagement is uniquely broad in scope. Theories of morality focus almost exclusively at the individual level. He insightfully extends the disengagement of morality to the social-system level through which large-scale inhumanities are perpetrated...Moral disengagement will transform your thinking about how otherwise considerate people can behave inhumanely and still feel good about themselves." -- Book jacket.
Baker Berry BJ1411 .B36 2016

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