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BD - Speculative Philosophy acquired during August 2016

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Inborn knowledge : the mystery within
McGinn, Colin, 1950- author
Cambridge, Massachusetts : MIT Press, [2015]
The traditional debate -- Problems with empiricism -- Nativism -- Implications.

"In this book, Colin McGinn presents a concise, clear, and compelling argument that the origins of knowledge are innatethat nativism, not empiricism, is correct in its theory of how concepts are acquired. McGinn considers the particular case of sensible qualitiesideas of color, shape, taste, and so on. He argues that these, which he once regarded as the strongest case for the empiricist position, are in fact not well explained by the empiricist account that they derive from interactions with external objects. Rather, he contends, ideas of sensible qualities offer the strongest case for the nativist positionthat a large range of our knowledge is inborn, not acquired through the senses. Yet, McGinn cautions, how this can be is deeply problematic; we have no good theories about how innate knowledge is possible. Innate knowledge is a mystery, though a fact. McGinn describes the traditional debate between empiricism and nativism; offers an array of arguments against empiricism; constructs an argument in favor of nativism; and considers the philosophical consequences of adopting the nativist position, discussing perception, the mindbody problem, the unconscious, metaphysics, and epistemology"--Publisher's website.
Baker Berry BD181 .M38 2015

Hermeneutics between history and philosophy : the selected writings of Hans-Georg Gadamer. Volume I
Gadamer, Hans-Georg, 1900-2002, author
London ; Bloomsbury Academic, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing Plc, 2016
Section titles: part 1. History as a problem: on being historically affected -- part 2. The impetus for thinking hermeneutically: on the task of Dilthey -- part 3. Confronting other intellectual movements and disciplines -- part 4. Hermeneutics of beginnings and returns: the case of Heidegger.
Baker Berry BD241 .G33 2016

Immaterialism : objects and social theory
Harman, Graham, 1968- author
Cambridge ; Polity Press, 2016
Baker Berry BD336 .H37 2016

Philosophy of nature
Feyerabend, Paul, 1924-1994, author
Cambridge, UK : Polity, [2016]
Baker Berry BD581 .F4413 2016

Explanatory pluralism
Mantzavinos, Chrysostomos, author
Cambridge, United Kingdom : Cambridge University Press, 2016
The wrong question: what is an explanation? -- A brief outlook on the social sciences -- Towards explanatory pluralism -- The explanatory enterprise -- The rules of the explanatory game -- The plurality of explanatory games -- Explanatory activity as problem-solving activity -- Explanatory rules as shared rules -- Normative appraisal: a procedural conception -- Explanatory methodology as technology.

"Explaining phenomena is one of the main activities in which scientists engage. This book proposes a new philosophical theory of scientific explanation by developing and defending the position of explanatory pluralism with the help of the notion of 'explanatory games'. Mantzavinos provides a descriptive account of the explanatory activity of scientists in different domains and shows how they differ from commonsensical explanations offered in everyday life by ordinary people and also from explanations offered in religious contexts. He also shows how an evaluation and a critical appraisal of explanations put forward in different social arenas can take place on the basis of different values. Explanatory Pluralism provides solutions to all important descriptive and normative problems of the philosophical theory of explanation as illustrated in sophisticated case studies from economics and medicine, but also from mythology and religion"--
Baker Berry BD237 .M36 2016

Human predicaments and what to do about them
Kekes, John, author
Chicago : The University of Chicago Press, [2016]
A note to the reader -- Acknowledgments -- Human predicaments and problems -- The question -- The aim -- Deep conflicts -- The standard view -- The shilluk -- The exclusivist mistake -- The parochial mistake -- The optimistic mistake -- Facing conflicts -- Difficult choices -- Commitments -- Difficult choices -- Decisions -- The Hindu and balinese alternatives -- Consequences -- Toward reasonable decisions -- The force of fate -- What is fate? -- What is autonomy? -- Three metaphors -- Mistaken evaluations -- Hiromichi Yahara -- Correcting evaluations -- Fear of meaninglessness -- Fear -- Prudence -- Prudential strategies -- Reasons for prudence -- Reasons against prudence -- Avoiding extremes -- The contingencies of life -- The counsel of imperfection -- Contingencies -- Justice -- Scarcity, incorrigibility, and conflict -- Imperfect justice -- The divided self -- The self -- Dissociation of sensibility -- The ideal of an undivided self -- Hernan Cortes -- Simone Weil -- Reasonable doubt -- Negative capability -- The complexities of problems -- The problem -- Avoiding confusion -- Difficult choices -- Conflicts -- Michel de Montaigne -- Doubts -- Toward realism -- Unavoidable hypocrisy -- Hypocrisy -- Authenticity -- Defending authenticity -- The value of life -- Hypocrisy or authenticity? -- Against formulas -- The miasma of boredom -- Understanding boredom -- Explanation -- Characteristics -- The predicament -- Why now? -- Possible responses -- Coping with boredom -- The prevalence of evil -- What is evil? -- The Aztecs -- The end of reasons? -- The need for reasons -- The importance of alternatives -- Good will -- The danger of innocence -- The conflict -- The ideal of innocence -- Deianera -- The ideal of reflection -- Reflection, innocence, and ideal theories -- Toward deeper understanding -- Notes -- Bibliography.
Baker Berry BD450 .K366 2016

Das süssbittre Tier : Liebe in Dichtung und Philosophie der Antike
Schmidt, Ernst A., 1937- author
Frankfurt am Main : Vittorio Klostermann, [2016]
Baker Berry BD436 .S345 2016

The brain in a vat
edited by Sanford C. Goldberg
Cambridge, United Kingdom : Cambridge University Press, 2016
Baker Berry BD418.3 .B723 2016

Identity : the necessity of a modern idea
Izenberg, Gerald N., 1939- author
Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, [2016]
The new "discourse of identity -- Identity becomes an issue: European literature between the World Wars -- The ontological critique of identity: Heidegger and Sartre -- Identity becomes a word: Erik Erikson and psychological identity -- Social identity and the birth of identity politics, 1945-1970 -- Collective identities and their agendas, 1970-2000 -- The practical politics of national and multicultural identity: Germany, France, Canada, and the United States, 1970-2010 -- The problem of collective identity in liberal democracy -- The contradictions of postmodern identity -- Identity transforms the social sciences -- The kinds of kinds: explaining collective identity -- Identity as an ethical issue -- The necessity of identity.

Identity: The necessity of a modern idea' is the first comprehensive history of identity as the answer to the question, "who, or what, am I?" It covers the century from the end of World War I, when identity in this sense first became an issue for writers and philosophers, to 2010, when European political leaders declared multiculturalism a failure just as Canada, which pioneered it, was hailing its success. Along the way the book examines Erik Erikson's concepts of psychological identity and identity crisis, which made the word famous; the turn to collective identity and the rise of identity politics in Europe and America; varieties and theories of group identity; debates over accommodating collective identities within liberal democracy; the relationship between individual and group identity; the postmodern critique of identity as a concept; and the ways it nonetheless transformed the social sciences and altered our ideas of ethics.
Baker Berry BD236 .I94 2016

Les cinq sens entre Moyen Age et Renaissance : enjeux épistémologiques et esthétiques
sous la direction de Olga Anna Duhl et Jean-Marie Fritz
Dijon : Éditions universitaires de Dijon, 2016
"Ce volume propose l’analyse de la place qu’occupent les cinq sens dans cette période de transition qui conduit du Moyen Âge à la Renaissance, soit les XVe et XVIe siècles. L’approche en est résolument interdisciplinaire et confronte la théologie, la littérature, les arts figurés et les sciences. Il s’agit d’apprécier les sens dans les modes de pensée et les représentations, ainsi que leurs balances : la vue, l’ouïe et les sens réputés moins nobles, comme le goût, l’odorat et le toucher, qui entretiennent des relations complexes et variables. Comment, en d’autres termes, s’opère le partage du sensible ? La pensée analogique, héritée de la tradition patristique, montre à l’aube de la Renaissance des signes de faiblesse : sources du plaisir, du bonheur, voire de la béatitude, ouverture sur le monde et la beauté, les sens ne sont plus simplement des occasions de pécher, ils sont aussi l’objet d’enjeux esthétiques et jouent un rôle actif dans la création artistique grâce aux liens qui les unissent à l’imaginaire."--Page 4 of cover.
Baker Berry BD214 .C526 2016

The Oxford handbook of philosophical methodology
edited by Herman Cappelen, Tamar Szabó Gendler, and John Hawthorne
Oxford : Oxford University Press, [2016]
"This is the most comprehensive book ever published on philosophical methodology. A team of thirty-eight of the world's leading philosophers present original essays on various aspects of how philosophy should be and is done. The first part is devoted to broad traditions and approaches to philosophical methodology (including logical empiricism, phenomenology, and ordinary language philosophy). The entries in the second part address topics in philosophical methodology, such as intuitions, conceptual analysis, and transcendental arguments. The third part of the book is devoted to essays about the interconnections between philosophy and neighbouring fields, including those of mathematics, psychology, literature and film, and neuroscience."
Baker Berry BD241 .O94 2016

Coïncidences : philosophie & épistémologie du hasard
Parrochia, Daniel, 1951-
Saint-Pierre : Le Corridor Bleu, 2015
Baker Berry BD595 .P37 2015

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