Kresge Physical Sciences Library Acquisitions during May 2018
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Computational acoustics : theory and implementation
Bergman, David R., author
Chichester, West Sussex : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2018
Kresge QC243 .B38 2018
Essentials of soil science : soil formation, functions, use and classification (World Reference Base, WRB)
Blum, Winfried E. H., author
Clayton, South VIC : CSIRO Publishing, 
Kresge S591 .S3313 2018
Installation theory : the societal construction and regulation of behaviour
Lahlou, Saadi, author
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Cambridge University Press, 2017
Machine generated contents note: 1. Installation: a synthetic theory to explain how humans construct systems that support and format individual behaviour; 2. The problem of human action and the problem of social regulation: two sides of the same coin; 3. Theoretical frameworks grounding installation theory; 4. The structure of installations; 5. Endurance of installations: the reconstructive cycle of practice; 6. Selection mechanisms in societal evolution: two cases, science and industry; 7. The evolution of installations; 8. Redesigning installations to change behaviour; 9. Conclusion; 10. References cited.
"Installation Theory: The Societal Construction and Regulation of Behaviour provides researchers and practitioners with a simple and powerful framework to analyse and change behaviour. Informed by a wide range of empirical evidence, it includes an accessible synthesis of former theories (ecological psychology, activity theory, situated action, distributed cognition, social constructionism, actor-network theory and social representations). 'Installations' are the familiar, socially constructed, apparatuses which elicit, enable, scaffold and control - and make predictable most of our 'normal' behaviour; from shower-cabins or airport check-ins to family dinners, classes or hospitals. The book describes their threefold structure with a new model enabling systematic and practical analysis of their components. It details the mechanisms of their construction, resilience and evolution, illustrated with dozens of examples, from restaurants to nuclear plant operation. The book also provides a detailed analysis of the processes of creation and selection of innovations, proposing a model for the maintenance and evolution of social systems"--
Kresge BF176.5 .L35 2017
Introduction to optics
Pedrotti, Frank L., 1932- author
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Cambridge University Press, 
"This well-known textbook is now available in a re-issued edition from Cambridge University Press. 'Introduction to optics' offers a comprehensive and engaging introduction to intermediate and upper-level undergraduate physics and engineering students, and allows instructors to select specialized content to suit individual curricular needs and goals. Features: more than 600 carefully selected end-of-chapter problems; many technical illustrations designed to enhance student understanding; an early discussion of lasers, which establishes the importance of the laser as an optical instrument and allows for early introduction of various applications and discussions related to laser operation; [and] the inclusion of modern applications such as: liquid crystal displays, CCDs, CD and DVD technology, optical parametric oscillators and amplifiers, near field microscopy, ultra short pulses, manipulation of atoms with lassers (optical tweezers, optical cooling and trapping), selected applications in nanophotonics and biophotonics, extensive treatment of communicatino systems using optical fibers, and wavelength division multiplexing." -- rear cover.
Kresge QC355.3 .P43 2018
Statistical downscaling and bias correction for climate research
Maraun, Douglas, author
Cambridge Cambridge University Press, 2018
1. Introduction -- Part I. Background and Fundamentals -- 2. Regional climate -- 3. History of downscaling -- 4. Rationale of downscaling -- 5. User needs -- 6. Mathematical and statistical methods -- 7. Reference observations -- 8. Climate modelling -- 9. Uncertainties -- Part II. Statistical Downscaling Concepts and Methods -- 10. Structure of statistical downscaling methods -- 11. Perfect prognosis -- 12. Model output statistics -- 13. Weather generators -- 14. Other approaches -- Part III. Downscaling in Practice and Outlook -- 15. Evaluation -- 16. Performance of statistical downscaling -- 17. A regional modelling debate -- 18. Use of downscaling in practice -- 19. Outlook.
"Statistical downscaling and bias correction are becoming standard tools in climate impact studies. This book provides a comprehensive reference to widely-used approaches, and additionally covers the relevant user context and technical background, as well as a synthesis and guidelines for practitioners. It presents the main approaches including statistical downscaling, bias correction and weather generators, along with their underlying assumptions, skill and limitations. Relevant background information on user needs and observational and climate model uncertainties is complemented by concise introductions to the most important concepts in statistical and dynamical modelling. A substantial part is dedicated to the evaluation of regional climate projections and their value in different user contexts. Detailed guidelines for the application of downscaling and the use of downscaled information in practice complete the volume. Its modular approach makes the book accessible for developers and practitioners, graduate students and experienced researchers, as well as impact modellers and decision makers." --Back cover.
Kresge QC903 .M37 2018
Varieties of continua : from regions to points and back
Hellman, Geoffrey, author
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2018
Kresge QA9 .H397 2018
Beyond the dynamical universe : unifying block universe physics and time as experienced
Silberstein, Michael, author
Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press, 2018
Theoretical physics and foundations of physics have not made much progress in the last few decades. Whether we are talking about unifying general relativity and quantum field theory (quantum gravity), explaining so-called dark energy and dark matter (cosmology), or the interpretation and implications of quantum mechanics and relativity, there is no consensus in sight. In addition, both enterprises are deeply puzzled about various facets of time including above all, time as experienced. The authors argue that, across the board, this impasse is the result of the "dynamical universe paradigm," the idea that reality is fundamentally made up of physical entities that evolve in time from some initial state according to dynamical laws. Thus, in the dynamical universe, the initial conditions plus the dynamical laws explain everything else going exclusively forward in time. In cosmology, for example, the initial conditions reside in the Big Bang and the dynamical law is supplied by general relativity. Accordingly, the present state of the universe is explained exclusively by its past. This book offers a completely new paradigm (called Relational Blockworld), whereby the past, present and future co-determine each other via "adynamical global constraints," such as the least action principle. Accordingly, the future is just as important for explaining the present as is the past. Most of the book is devoted to showing how Relational Blockworld resolves many of the current conundrums of both theoretical physics and foundations of physics, including the mystery of time as experienced and how that experience relates to the block universe.
Kresge QC174.13 .S55 2018
What is real? : the unfinished quest for the meaning of quantum physics
Becker, Adam, 1984- author
New York, NY : Basic Books, 
Introduction -- Prologue : The impossible done -- Part I. A tranquilizing philosophy. The measure of all things -- Something rotten in the eigenstate of Denmark -- Street brawl -- Copenhagen in Manhattan -- Part II. Quantum dissidents. Physics in exile -- It came from another world! -- The most profound discovery of science -- More things in heaven and earth -- Part III. The great enterprise. Reality underground -- Quantum spring -- Copenhagen versus the universe -- Outrageous fortune -- Appendix. Four views of the strangest experiment.
"Quantum mechanics is humanity's finest scientific achievement. It explains why the sun shines and how your eyes can see. It's the theory behind the LEDs in your phone and the nuclear hearts of space probes. Every physicist agrees quantum physics is spectacularly successful. But ask them what quantum physics means, and the result will be a brawl. At stake is the nature of the Universe itself. What does it mean for something to be real? What is the role of consciousness in the Universe? And do quantum rules apply to very small objects like electrons and protons, but not us? In What is Real?, Adam Becker brings to vivid life the brave researchers whose quest for the truth led them to challenge Bohr: David Bohm, who picked up Einstein's mantle and sought to make quantum mechanics deterministic, all while being hounded by the forces of McCarthyism; Hugh Everett, who argued that everything, big and small, must be governed by the same rules; and John Bell, who went to great lengths to eradicate the power of the god-like observer from the core of quantum physics. And they paid dearly, their reputations, careers, and sometimes lives ruined completely. But history has been kinder to them than their contemporaries were. As Becker shows, the brave intellectual giants have inspired a growing army of physicists and philosophers intent both on making a philosophically more satisfying theory of the universe and a more useful one as well. A gripping story of some of humanity's greatest ideas and the high cost with which many have pursued them, What is Real? is intellectual history at its passionate best"--
Kresge QC173.98 .B43 2018
A modern course in transport phenomena
Venerus, David, author
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Cambridge University Press, 2018
Kresge QC175.25 .V46 2018
Geologic maps : a practical guide to preparation and interpretation
Spencer, Edgar W. 1931- author
Long Grover, Illinois : Waveland Press, 
Geologic maps supply a wealth of information about the surface and shallow subsurface of the earth. The types of materials that are present in a location and the three-dimensional structure of the bedrock both can be gleaned from a clearly prepared geologic map. Geologists, civil and environmental engineers, land-use planners, soil scientists, and geographers commonly use geologic maps as a source of information to facilitate problem solving and identify the qualities of a region. Maps reveal the position of many types of natural hazards, indicate the suitability of the land surface for various uses, reveal problems that may be encountered in excavation, provide clues to the natural processes that shape an area, and help locate important natural resources. Suitable for lab courses in structural geology as well as field geology work, Spencer describes representative examples of features found on geologic maps and outlines procedures for interpretation and projection. Geometric techniques are explained using a step-by-step approach. Coverage of mapping methods includes tools that provide necessary data, such as Google Earth, GPS, GIS, LiDAR maps, drones, and aerial photographs. Challenging and engaging exercises throughout the text involve students in the mapping process and stimulate an appreciation of the extent and precision of information presented in geologic maps. Regional geology is an important component of lab and field mapping projects. As such, the Third Edition includes new maps of the Gulf of Mexico Coastal Plain, Rocky Mountain Front Range, Yellowstone region, Moab, Utah, Shenandoah National Park, and Hawai'i. A new chapter devoted to tectonic maps also broadens students' exposure. Ed Spencer brings over 45 years of teaching experience to the text along with valuable insight and clarity into the interpretation and preparation of geologic maps.
Kresge QE36 .S64 2018
Land bridges : ancient environments, plant migrations, and New World connections
Graham, Alan, 1934- author
Chicago, IL : The University of Chicago Press, 2018
Introduction -- Part I. Boreal land bridges. Bering Land Bridge. Beringia. Background ; West Beringia : Siberia and Kamchatka. Siberia. Geographic setting and climate. Geology. Modern vegetation. Indigenous people ; Kamchatka. Geographic setting and climate. Modern vegetation. Indigenous people ; East Beringia : Alaska, northwestern North America, and the Aleutian connection. Geographic setting and climate. Geology. Modern vegetation. Indigenous people. Utilization of the Bering Land Bridge. Peopling of America (from the West) ; North Atlantic land bridge : northeastern North America, Greenland, Iceland, Arctic islands, northwestern Europe. Geographic setting and climate. Geology. Modern vegetation. Utilization of the North Atlantic land bridge. Modernization of the flora. Biodiversity and vegetation density. Floristic relationships between eastern Asia and eastern North America. Geofloras and the Madrean-Tethyan hypothesis. Indigenous people. Peopling of America (from the East) -- Part II. Equatorial land bridges. Antillean land bridge. Stepping stones or lost highway. Geographic setting and climate. Geology. Modern vegetation. Indigenous people. Utilization of the Antillean land bridge ; Central American land bridge. South and North of the CALB. Geographic setting and climate. Forging the final link : geology. Modern vegetation. Indigenous people. Utilization of the CALB -- Part III. Austral land bridge. Magellan land bridge : Cono del Sur and Antarctica. Cono del Sur. Geographic setting and climate. Geology. Modern vegetation. Indigenous people. Peopling of South America (from the North). Antarctica. Geographic setting and climate. Geology. Land bridges and island biogeography. Utilization of the Magellan land bridge. Cono del Sur. Antarctica ; Case studies. Ferns and allied groups. Gymnosperms. Angiosperms. Monocotyledons. Dicotyledons ; Summary and conclusions. Events, processes, and responses. Bering Land Bridge. North Atlantic land bridge. Antillean land bridge. Central American land bridge ; Magellan land bridge. Conceptual issues and future needs.
Kresge GB401.5 .G73 2018
The first global integrated marine assessment : world ocean assessment I
by the group of experts of the regular process : Lorna Inniss and Alan Simcock, joint coordinators ; Amanuel Yoanes Ajawin, Angel C. Alcala, Patricio Bernal, Hilconida P. Calumpong, Peyman Eghtesadi Araghi, Sean O. Green, Peter Harris, Osman Keh Kamara, Kunio Kohata, Enrique Marschoff, Georg Martin, Beatrice Padovani Ferreira, Chul Park, Rolph Antoine Payet, Jake Rice, Andrew Rosenberg, Renison Ruwa, Joshua T. Tuhumwire, Saskia Van Gaever, Juying Wang, and Jan Marcin We̜sławski ; under the auspices of the United Nations General Assembly and its regular process for global reporting and assessment of the state of the marine environment, including socioeconomic aspects
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Cambridge University Press, 2017
"The World Ocean Assessment - or, to give its full title, The First Global Integrated Marine Assessment - is the outcome of the first cycle of the United Nations' Regular Process for Global Reporting and Assessment of the State of the Marine Environment, including Socioeconomic Aspects. The Assessment provides vital, scientifically-grounded bases for the consideration of ocean issues, including climate change, by governments, intergovernmental agencies, non-governmental agencies and all other stakeholders and policymakers involved in ocean affairs. Together with future assessments and related initiatives, it will support the implementation of the recently adopted 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, particularly its ocean-related goals. Moreover, it will also form an important reference text for marine science courses."--Back cover.
Kresge GC1015.2 .F57 2017
A Mathematica primer for physicists
Napolitano, Jim, author
Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 
Solving algebraic equations -- Derivatives, integrals, and series -- Differential equations: analytic solutions -- Differential equations: numerical solutions -- Vectors and matrices -- Basic data analysis -- Fitting data to models -- Numerical manipulations -- Random numbers -- Animation -- Advanced plotting and visualization.
"This book offers the most concise and approachable guide for quickly getting into Mathematica and using it for solving common problems. The author addresses a wide range of problems, including numerical calculations, animation, and visualization tools. Each chapter begins with simple commands, and then shows how to apply them. The goal is to give the essentials necessary for readers to get started, without getting bogged down in unnecessary details. The writing is clear and conversational, making it accessible and easy for the reader to follow"--
Kresge QC20.7.E4 N36 2018
The map and the territory : exploring the foundations of science, thought and reality
Shyam Wuppuluri, Francisco Antonio Doria, editors ; foreword by Sir Roger Penrose and afterword by Dagfinn Føllesdal
[Cham, Switzerland] : Springer, 
This volume presents essays by pioneering thinkers including Tyler Burge, Gregory Chaitin, Daniel Dennett and Barry Mazur. The authors examine, from various perspectives, the complex relations between reality per se and our human descriptions of the world, as deduced in the process of scientific discovery. Are we living in Plato's cave? If not, how far have we emerged from it? And what are the various layers of description we can apply to objects and phenomena? A simple apple, for example, can be analyzed from several viewpoints beginning with evolution and biology, all the way down its microscopic quantum mechanical components. Together, the cast of scientists and philosophers shed light on how our various theories and constructs co-exist in a patchwork to produce a seemingly coherent reality. Aficionados of philosophy as well as budding researchers will find here much food for thought as well as new and stimulating perspectives.
Kresge Q175 .M37 2018
Underground sensing : monitoring and hazard detection for environment and infrastructure
edited by Sibel Pamukcu, Liang Cheng
London : Academic Press, 
Underground Sensing: Monitoring and Hazard Detection for Environment and Infrastructure brings the target audience the technical and practical knowledge of existing technologies of subsurface sensing and monitoring based on a classification of their functionality. In addition, the book introduces emerging technologies and applications of sensing for environmental and geo-hazards in subsurface - focusing on sensing platforms that can enable fully distributed global measurements. Finally, users will find a comprehensive exploration of the future of underground sensing that can meet demands for preemptive and sustainable response to underground hazards. New concepts and paradigms based on passively powered and/or on-demand activated, embeddable sensor platforms are presented to bridge the gap between real-time monitoring and global measurements.
Kresge TD168 .U53 2018
Statisitical physics and thermodynamics : an introduction to key concepts
Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press, 
Kresge QC174.8 .R38 2017
Principles of soilscape and landscape evolution
Willgoose, Garry, author
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2018
Introduction -- Constructing a landscape evolution model -- basic concepts -- A brief hydrology and geomorphology primer -- Erosion and other water driven processes -- Soils : constructing a soilscape evolution model -- basic concepts -- Soils : soil depth -- Soils : physical weathering and soil particle fragmentation -- Soils : chemical weathering -- Soils : slow soil flow and creep -- Soils : colloids and soil organic carbon -- Soils : constructing a soilscape evolution model -- details and examples -- Tectonics and geology -- High slope gravity processes -- Vegetation and wildfire -- Constructing a landscape evolution model -- details -- Examples of landscape evolution modeling and final thoughts.
Computational models are invaluable in understanding the complex effects of physical processes and environmental factors which interact to influence landform evolution of geologic time scales. This book provides a holistic guide to the construction of numerical models to explain the co-evolution of landforms, soil, vegetation and tectonics, and describes how the geomorphology observable today has been formed. It explains the science of the physical processes and the mechanics of how to solve them, providing a useful resource for graduates studying geomorphology and sedimentary and erosion processes. It also emphasizes the methods for assessing the relative importance of different factors at field sites, enabling researchers to select the appropriate processes to model. Integrating a discussion of the fundamental processes with mathematical formulations, it guides the reader in understanding which processes are important and why, and creates a framework through which to study the interaction of soils, vegetation and landforms over time.
Kresge S593.2 .W55 2018
Philosophy and the foundations of dynamics
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2013
1. Introduction -- 2. The pre-history of classical dynamics -- 3. The astronomical revolution -- 4. Precursors to Newtonian dynamics -- 5. The Newtonian synthesis -- 6. Philosophical aspects of the Newtonian synthesis -- 7. The history of statics -- 8. The development of dynamics after Newton -- 9. The 'Newtonian' approach after Newton -- 10. From virtual work to Lagrange's equation -- 11. Extremal principles -- 12. Some philosophical reflections on explanation and theory -- 13. Conservation principles -- 14. Hamilton's equations -- 15. Canonical transformations, optical analogies and algebraic structures -- 16. The search for new foundations -- 17. New directions in the applications of dynamics -- 18. Spacetime formulations of Newtonian dynamics -- 19. Formalizations: mass and force -- 20. Relationist dynamics -- 21. Modes of explanation -- 22. Retrospective and conclusions.
"Although now replaced by more modern theories, classical mechanics remains a core foundational element of physical theory. From its inception, the theory of dynamics has been riddled with conceptual issues and differing philosophical interpretations and throughout its long historical development, it has shown subtle conceptual refinement. The interpretive program for the theory has also shown deep evolutionary change over time. Lawrence Sklar discusses crucial issues in the central theory from which contemporary foundational theories are derived and shows how some core issues (the nature of force, the place of absolute reference frames) have nevertheless remained deep puzzles despite the increasingly sophisticated understanding of the theory which has been acquired over time. His book will be of great interest to philosophers of science, philosophers in general and physicists concerned with foundational interpretive issues in their field"--
Kresge Q175.32.D96 S55 2013
Handbook of engineering hydrology. Environmental hydrology and water management
edited by Saeid Eslamian
Boca Raton : Taylor & Francis, 2014
1. Anthropocenic aquifer : new thinking / Anthony Richard Turton and Frederik Stefanus Botha -- 2. Artificial recharge experiences in semiarid areas / Noureddine Gaaloul and Saeid Eslamian -- 3. Disinfection of water and nanotechnology / Seyedeh Matin Amininezhad, Sayed Mohamad Amininejad, and Saeid Eslamian -- 4. Environmental engineering for water and sanitation systems / Bosun Banjoko -- 5. Environmental flows / Sara Shaeri Karimi, Mehdi Yasi, Jonathan Peter Cox, and Saeid Eslamian -- 6. Environmental nanotechnology / Saeid Eslamian, Raheleh Malekian, and Mohammad Javad Amiri -- 7. Formation of ecological risk on plain reservoirs / Svetlana Dvinskikh, Alexander Kitaev, Victor Noskov, and Olga Larchenko -- 8. Groundwater vulnerability / Jason J. Gurdak -- 9. Historical development of wastewater management / Giovanni De Feo, Georgios Pericles Antoniou, Larry Wesley Mays, Walter Dragoni, Hilal Franz Fardin, Fatma El-Gohary, Pietro Laureano, Eleni Ioannis Kanetaki, Xiao Yun Zheng, and Andreas Nikolaos Angelakis -- 10. Hydrofracturing and environmental problems / Bosun Banjoko -- 11. Modeling of wetland systems / Jennifer M. Olszewski and Richard H. McCuen -- 12. Modifications in hydrological cycle / Jayantilal N. Patel -- 13. Nonpoint source and water quality modeling / Zhonglong Zhang -- 14. River managed system for flood defense / Akram Deiminiat and Saeid Eslamian -- 15. Sediment pollution / Qin Qian -- 16. Stormwater modeling and management / Xuheng Kuang -- 17. Stormwater modeling and sustainable management in highly urbanized areas / J. Bryan Ellis and Christophe Viavattene -- 18. Integrated water resource management and sustainability / Husain Najafi and Ehsan Tavakoli-Nabavi -- 19. Sustainable wastewater treatment / Erik Grönlund -- 20. Tourism and river environment / Akram Deiminiat, Hassan Shojaee Siuki, and Saeid Eslamian -- 21. Transboundary river basin management / David Stephenson and Eva Sbrana -- 22. Transboundary water resource management / Inga Jacobs and Anthony Richard Turton -- 23. Updating the hydrological knowledge : a case study / Olga Eugenia Scarpati, Eduardo Kruse, Marcela Hebe Gonzalez, Alberto Ismael Juan Vich, Alberto Daniel Capriolo, and Ruben Mario Caffera -- 24. Water governance / Colin Green and Saeid Eslamian -- 25. Water pollution control using low-cost natural wastes / Faezeh Eslamian and Saeid Eslamian -- 26. Water resources assessment in a river basin using AVSWAT model / Aavudai Anandhi, V.V. Srinivas, and D. Nagesh Kumar -- 27. Water scarcity / R.B. Singh and Dilip Kumar -- 28. Water security : concept, measurement, and operationalization / Chansheng He, Lanhui Zhang, Xifeng Zhang, and Saeid Eslamian -- 29. Water supply and public health and safety / Theodore C. Crusberg.
"This comprehensive handbook covers multiple aspects of hydrology with a new approach. Other books on the subject deal mostly with classical aspects of hydrology--particularly surface and ground water, and physical and chemical pollution. This volume covers management topics including water scarcity, water security, water policy and governance, etc. It also highlights the environmental aspects of hydrology such as environmental river flow, environmental nanotechnology, phyto-remediation, and constructed wetlands and it is also authored by experts from over 30 different countries"--
Kresge GB662.5 .H36 2014
Searching for stars on an island in Maine
Lightman, Alan P., 1948- author
New York : Pantheon Books, 
Cave -- longing for absolutes in a relative world -- Material -- Hummingbird -- Stars -- Atoms -- Ants -- Monk -- Truth -- Transcendence -- Laws -- Doctrine -- Motion -- Centeredness -- Death -- Certainty -- Origins -- Ants (2) -- Multiverse -- Humans.
From the acclaimed author of Einstein's Dreams, here is an inspired, lyrical meditation on religion and science that explores the tension between our yearning for permanence and certainty, and the modern scientific discoveries that demonstrate the impermanent and uncertain nature of the world. As a physicist, Alan Lightman has always held a scientific view of the world. As a teenager experimenting in his own laboratory, he was impressed by the logic and materiality of a universe governed by a small number of disembodied forces and laws that decree all things in the world are material and impermanent. But one summer evening, while looking at the stars from a small boat at sea, Lightman was overcome by the overwhelming sensation that he was merging with something larger than himself--a grand and eternal unity, a hint of something absolute and immaterial. Searching for Stars on an Island in Maine is Lightman's exploration of these seemingly contradictory impulses. He draws on sources ranging from Saint Augustine's conception of absolute truth to Einstein's theory of relativity, from the unity of the once-indivisible atom to the multiplicity of subatomic particles and the recent notion of multiple universes. What he gives us is a profound inquiry into the human desire for truth and meaning, and a journey along the different paths of religion and science that become part of that quest. -- Provided by publisher.
Kresge Popular Science QB981 .L545 2018